Novogrudsky, Novogrodsky, Nowogrodzki, etc. in the News


Warren on Wheels gets things rolling tomorrow morning, The Providence Journal-Bulletin, June 6, 1997, Friday, EAST BAY EDITION, Pg. 2C.
The Warren on Wheels Festival takes place tomorrow from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Entertainers for this year's festival include: the Wheelmen, the Northeast Trickstars, Peter Panic, Walter Ferrero & Family, Marvelous Marvin Novogrodski, Dixie All Stars and the Rhode Island Stingrays. Dance, circus acts and magic by Marvelous Marvin Novogrodski are on tap at 12:45 and 3 p.m. on Railroad Avenue. There will be street performances by Walter Ferrero & Family, including Walter the Stiltwalker, Roller Blade Bruno and Wally the Clown, plus juggling stilt-walking workshops for kids from noon to 2 p.m. on Railroad Avenue.


Smart Solutions Incorporates as SmarTeam Inc. in the U.S.; North American Market Fuels Global Expansion, PR Newswire, February 17, 1998, Tuesday.
Smart Solutions Limited, a leading provider of new generation, "out-of-the-box" Windows-based Product Data Management (PDM/TDM) and workflow solutions, announced that the company has officially incorporated in the United States as SmarTeam Inc., a Smart Solutions Ltd. Company. Founded in 1995, Smart Solutions is part of Clal Israel, one of the largest corporations in Israel with over $4 billion in revenues. Since opening its North American office in July, 1997, the company has seen dramatic growth as market awareness and acceptance of its SmarTeam family of products expands. Since the company began commercial shipments of its SmarTeam(TM) software in March, 1997, the company has sold over 2000 software licenses to more than 300 customers worldwide.
According to CEO Avinoam Nowogrodski, "Customers and VARS alike are aligning with Smart Solutions' mission; to make technical data management affordable and easy to use, by providing an "out-of-the-box" yet fully customizable technical data management solution for the Windows environment." Nowogrodski added, "The North American market is especially ripe for a PDM solution that can be applied from the bottom up, and show a rapid return on investment."


DAVID KOTKIN, The Hartford Courant, August 25, 1997, Monday,Pg. 6
KOTKIN. David Kotkin, of West Hartford, one of Connecticut's leading real estate lawyers, former law partner of U.S. Senator Abraham S. Ribicoff, and a well known leader of Jewish philanthropic causes in the Hartford area, died Sunday (August 24, 1997), at St. Francis Hospital. He died of complications following open-heart surgery. He was 83. Mr. Kotkin leaves his beloved wife of 56 years, Eve Goldfeld Kotkin, of West Hartford; two daughters, Myra K. Novogrodsky of Toronto and Amy J. Kotkin of Washington; and a son, Jeffrey R. Kotkin of Wethersfield. He also leaves a son- in-law, Charles J. Novogrodsky of Toronto; a daughter-in-law, Katherine L. (Ginger) McCurdy of Wethersfield; and five grandchildren, Noah B. Novogrodsky of Cambridge, MA, Tobias S. Novogrodsky of Toronto, and Alexander M. Kotkin, Rebecca S. Kotkin, and Natalie H. Kotkin, all of Wethersfield. He also leaves four sisters, Sylvia Feigenbaum and Pearl Daniewicz of West Hartford, Etta Ostrow of Florida and Lottie Winick of California. Mr. Kotkin was born and raised in Hartford, graduating from Hartford Public High School in 1931. He received his bachelors degree in Economics from Yale University in 1937 and was elected to Phi Beta Kappa. He received his law degree from Yale Law School in 1940. He began his legal career in the city as a solo practitioner in 1940. After serving in the U.S. Army for more than four years, including service as an artillery officer with the 32nd Infantry Division in the Pacific Theater, he joined the firm of Ribicoff and Ribicoff in Hartford, practicing with Abraham and Irving Ribicoff. He later became a senior partner in the firm, which became Ribicoff & Kotkin. In 1978, he became a senior partner with the merged firm of Schatz & Schatz, Ribicoff & Kotkin and maintained that position until his retirement in 1984, at which time he became "of counsel". Mr. Kotkin was the former chairman of the Real Properties Section of the Connecticut Bar Association and a founder, a former director and director emeritus of the Connecticut Attorneys Title Insurance Company. Mr. Kotkin was also active in real estate development in Connecticut and elsewhere in the Northeast and was secretary and general counsel of Three D Departments, Inc., a national chain of bed and bath shops. Mr. Kotkin's civic positions included his past tenure as chairman of the board, president and life member of the board of directors of the Greater Hartford Jewish Community Center. He served as a vice president of the Greater Hartford Jewish Federation and founding chairman of the federation's Committee on Jewish Education. The committee has worked for years to improve Jewish education in the Hartford area and in 1995 Mr. Kotkin received a special award for his work. He was also a member of Temple Beth Israel. He also developed a non-profit community service building to house a legal aid clinic and Community Health Services, Inc., in Hartford. He also served on the Community Health Services board. Mr. Kotkin was also extremely active in his support of Yale, having been a 1937 Class Agent, Founding Member of the Nathan Hale Associates and Founding Donor of the Slifka Center for Jewish Life. A funeral service will be held Tuesday at 1 p.m. in the Chapel of the Weinstein Mortuary, 640 Farmington Ave., Hartford, with burial in Beth Israel Cemetery, Avon. Donations can be made in Mr. Kotkin's honor to the Greater Hartford Jewish Community Center's David Kotkin Camp Shalom Scholarship Fund, to the American Heart Association, or to a charity of the donor's choice. A Memorial Period will be observed through Wednesday at his home.


WOMAN HIT BY BUS DIES, Sun-Sentinel (Fort Lauderdale, FL), May 13, 1997, Tuesday, Pg. 3B.
A woman injured when her car was sideswiped by a school bus on Interstate 75 last month has died from her injuries. Carolyn Novogrodsky, 32, of Plantation died Saturday at Broward General Medical Center from head injuries she suffered in the April 23 accident on Interstate 75. She had spent 14 of her 17 days in the hospital in intensive care, hospital officials said. Services for Novogrodsky will be 11:30 a.m. Wednesday at T.M. Ralph Funeral Home in Plantation.
Novogrodsky was driving south on I-75 near Indian Trace when a northbound school bus crossed the median and hit a southbound school bus that then struck her Ford Probe. Novogrodsky, a flight attendant for Miami Air International, was on her way to work at the time. The driver of the bus that crossed the median, Renee Golden, 31, also was hospitalized. She was released April 28. Golden told accident investigators that she blacked out before the accident and remembers nothing about it. She has not returned to work. The Florida Highway Patrol continues to investigate the accident.


Social activist Paul Greenberg dies, The Times Union (Albany, NY), November 24, 1997, Monday, Pg. B7.
Bethlehem Longtime social activist and administrator Paul Greenberg died Nov. 4 1997 at his home in Delmar of bladder cancer. Mr. Greenberg was born in Brooklyn in 1927, and was reared in Queens, Taunton and Brighton, Mass. He joined New York state government in 1975, and initially served as secretary to the Tax Commission. He is credited with creating the Tax Appeals Bureau. Prior to his career with the state, Mr. Greenberg was a labor organizer and supporter of the union movement. He was a lifelong jazz enthusiast, and was a civil rights activist in 1960s. He was active in the Jewish Renewal Movement, and had organizing responsibilities in a number of significant campaigns, notably those of Robert Kennedy, John V. Lindsay and David Dinkins. From 1993 until his death, he was president of the Alliance for Environmental Renewal. He also was a member of the Interfaith Alliance of New York state, People of Faith Working for Justice in Public Policy and the Democratic Socialists of America. He was drafted by the Army during the Korean War, and served overseas in Korea and in Japan. He pursued his education at the Columbia School of General Studies.
Survivors include his wife, Esther Novogrodsky Greenberg; two daughters, Francine Reizen of Chicago and Jessica Greenberg Dennis of Thousand Oaks, Calif.; a son, Benjamin Greenberg of Somerville, Mass.; and three grandchildren. Services were held Nov. 6 under the direction of Levine Memorial Chapel in Albany.


Koegler, Horst, Initials J.C; festival in honor of Stuttgart Ballet founder John Cranko, Dance Magazine, January, 1998, No. 1, Vol. 72, Pg. 90.
Stuttgart Ballet's "Hommage a John Cranko" Festival, held October 1 through 16 at the Stuttgart Staatstheater's Grosses Haus and Kleines Haus, hit the city like an avalanche. For a fortnight the festival, planned as a tribute to the late founder of the Stuttgart Ballet, who would have been seventy last August, confirmed how much ballet has become part of the city's of Stuttgart's corporate identity.
Other highlights were The Taming of the Shrew, with Ilmann as the exuberant Katherina (and Oliver Matz from Berlin as Petruchio), two majestic Swan Lakes (starring Illmann with Malakhov and Julia Kramer with Tewsley), and two Romeo and Juliets (with Lendvai and Malakhov alternating with Jin Kang and Tewsley, plus Krzysztof Nowogrodzki and Matthias Deckert as the two Mercutios). If there was one program that did not quite match the exalted level of the other offerings, it was the Ballet Evening at the Kleines Haus with Cranko's Brouillards, Ebony Concerto, Salade, and Jeu de Cartes.
Among the other gala items: Cranko's From Holberg's Times (Jin Kang and Roland Vogel), Dominique Dumais's Tides of Mind (Karen Kain from Toronto with the now Stuttgart-based Robert Conn), Balanchine's Tarantella (Patricia Salgado and Nowogrodzki) , the Summer pas de deux from James Kudelka's The Four Seasons (with Canadian guests Greta Hodgkinson and Harrington), and, as the glittering jewel, Illmann and Maximiliano Guerra with the Don Quixote pas de deux.


TRISH CRAWFORD, Sugar ' n spice, snakes 'n snails that's what little kids are taught, The Toronto Star, May 24, 1992, Sunday, SUNDAY EDITION, Pg. G10.
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When Myra Novogrodsky's son was born, the nurse apologized for putting him in a pink blanket. "It starts with birth. Gender messages are given to kids that boys and girls will behave differently," says Novogrodsky, head of the Toronto Board of Education's equity studies department.


Sean Coughlin, WRESTLING REGIONALS SET FOR WEEKEND PISGAH, TUSCOLA LOOK LIKE CLASS OF WNC, Asheville Citizen-Times (Asheville, NC), February 13, 1998, Friday, Pg. C3.
I think there's a possibility for four to six state champions to come out of this region," Whitmer said. West's Nick Gates (35-0 at 119), a defending state champion, has been as good as anyone in the mountains. Other WNC wrestlers who are strong candidates for first-place finishes include East Henderson's Andy King (27-2 at 103); Erwin's Bear Ingle (26-4 at 112); Enka's Dylan Stamey (33-1 at 125); Smoky Mountain's Jordan Novgrod (24-4 at 130); Asheville's Will Bennett (30-2 at 140); Roberson's Jason Scheewe (26-2 at 145); Tuscola's Michael Hogan (32-3 at 152); East's Travis Hudson (23-1 at 160); East's Matt Parkhill (29-1 at 171) and Tuscola's Bradley Escaravage (33-2 at 189). All are top seeds.


Edmund Newton, The Pain of the Past; The dynamite is set but never quite blows in Fugard's Hello and Goodbye, New Times Los Angeles, October 2, 1997, Thursday.
There is, certainly, nothing flowery about Hello and Goodbye, one of Fugard's earliest works (1965), and there's nothing about apartheid in it. But the play, about a tense reunion between a brother and a sister after years of separation, tells a story that cuts deep into a family's past, all the way down to a dark, peppery substratum of anguish and self-delusion. There's dynamite there. The production of the play now at the Attic Theatre, directed by Judith Novgrod, never quite sets the explosives off, however, despite one good performance and one extraordinary one.


Elaine Herscher, Jordan Considers Boosting Payroll Gross Receipts Tax Budget, director calls the final $ 20 million, The San Francisco Chronicle, MAY 21, 1992, THURSDAY, FINAL EDITION, Pg. A21.
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''I don't think there's any reason to believe workers would agree to a charter amendment,'' said David Novogrodsky, business manager of the Professional Technical Engineers, Local 21, which represents 1,700 city engineers, accountants and technicians.


Dance in Review, The New York Times, February 3, 1992, Monday, Late Edition - Final, Section C; Page 14; Column 4; Cultural Desk
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There were many marvels in "The Science Project," a dance-theater work directed and choreographed by Dorothy Jungels. The performers -- Aaron Jungels, Rachael Jungels, Walter Ferrero and Martin Novogrodski -- poured water from pitchers into tubs. They balanced on seesaws, set pendulums swaying, dropped weights from ladders, slid cups down chutes and let balls roll over their bodies. They did all this to a taped collage that included original music by John Belcher and selections from composers as varied as Beethoven and John Coltrane.


R & D, Cahners Publishing Co. 1992, February, 1992, Vol. 34 ; No. 2 ; Pg. 84.
SECTION:
5 Microtubules (green) and chromosomes (blue) are revealed in this winning photograph of a newt undergoing mitosis by Susan Nowogrodzki, East Greenbush, NY.


REGIONAL PROMOTION: THE BIALA PODLASKA PROVINCE, Polish Press Agency, Business News From Poland, August 30, 1991.
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7. BIALA PODLASKA REGIONAL ECONOMIC CHAMBER
The Biala Podlaska Regional Economic Chamber was established in August 1990. The main task is to undertake initiatives meant for activization of economic development of the region. The Chamber is a voluntary association of more than 130 economic units ranging from individual farmers and craftsmen through various wholesale and retail organizations, financial institutions to the leading region's enterprises. Contact: 21-500 Biala Podlaska ul. Sidorska 95/97 tel. 375-07, tlx: 863308 Chairman: Jozef Zelent, Director: Cezary Nowogrodzki
Stephen Handelman, Emigrants discover paradise elusive, The Toronto Star, June 21, 1991, Friday, FINAL EDITION, Pg. A21
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One such dreamer was Boris Novogrodsky, a Soviet Jew whose path led him from southern Russia to Canada in the mid-1980s. Novogrodsky now works as a taxi driver in Calgary. With a Soviet friend, he wrote a film script based on his adventures. Finogin and Hanson were shown the script by a mutual friend and immediately liked the idea. "It had nothing to do with politics, and it's certainly not for or against emigration," said Andrei, 34. "We just felt it was the right time for this to be shown to a Soviet audience." The hero of the film is a young Jewish athlete from Odessa who is sidelined from a promising career after breaking his leg. Bored and frustrated, he applies for permission to go to Israel - the only legal escape route for Soviet Jews for decades. But, like most of those in a similar situation, he ends up in North America, where he quickly finds life is harder than he imagined. He spends years doing unskilled labor, locked inside the closed emigr community, before he finally adjusts to the reality of his adopted land.


Correspondent Report, Federal News Service, SEPTEMBER 18, 1990, TUESDAY.
'Commersant' featured the following photo: at the Democratic Union rally on september 8, a sign "Gorbachev is a Fascist Criminal" hangs from Valeriya Novogrudskaya's neck).


Bob Bergen and Kate Zimmerman, Soviet army in Latvia 'ruthless, inhuman', Calgary Herald, August 20, 1991, Tuesday, FINAL EDITION, Pg. A6.
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Local cab-driver Boris Novogrudsky has been working with his Soviet friend Valery Gusev on a film script about Novogrudsky's trek from Tashkent to Calgary, where he settled in 1979. "It's a grim situation. I'm afraid this is something of a Tiananmen Square magnitude to us," Novogrudsky said sadly. "The confrontation's going to be bloody, I'm afraid."


BEN ALLEN, Maurine Christopher, Novogrod uses publishing expertise to guide 'HG' as new editor in chief, Advertising Age, September 19, 1988, Pg. 78.
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Nancy Novogrod, the new editor in chief of Conde Nast Publications'HG, is sure to be closely scrutinized as she takes over for Anna Wintour. After less than a year as senior editor at the revitalized monthly, Ms. Novogrod, 39, was promoted when Ms. Wintour became editor in chief of Conde Nast's Vogue (AA, July 11). Ms. Novogrod, a Manhattanite, has spent her entire working life in publishing. In 1976, armed with a bachelor's degree in art history from Mount Holyoke College, she was hired byThe New Yorker. "I was put in the typing pool, where all the young, educated women who couldn't type found jobs," she recalls. But she was on her way after being pulled out of the pool to be a manuscript reader. She joined Crown Publishers' Clarkson N. Potter Inc. division as an assistant editor in 1981 and soon advanced to executive editor. Crown provided the momentum Ms. Novogrod need when she inherited a book titled "High Tech" by Jean Kron and Suzanne Slessin. "It was a ground-breaking book, the first book with a directory of sources in the back for the field," she recalls. "It predicted a very big trend in home furnishings. Even Bloomingdale's opened up a high-tech department after that book." At Crown, she brought out several award-winning illustrated design and lifestyle titles such as "French Style," "American Country" and "Pierre Deux's French Country." "I developed a career out of doing style books that began to be imitated by other books," Ms. Novogrod says. "I was very happy at Clarkson Potter and expected to be there for the rest of my career." But when Ms. Wintour asked her to come toHG late in 1987 "for the excitement of something new," Ms. Novogrod agreed. At first, as HG senior editor, she missed the joy of shaping a book. "It takes about two years to get a book out, and book editors are very much in control of the whole concept," she says. PAGE 20 1988 Advertising Age, September 19, 1988 Now, she's accustomed to the pace of a magazine schedule. She arrived at HG when the outlook for the magazine was mixed. While the September issue was a record-breaker for the month in advertising, ad sales for the year are flat. Yet, circulation for the first six months of 1988 wasd 614,922, up 7.4% from a year ago. Like her predecessor, Ms. Novogrod hopes to keep HG fresh enough to counter the competition from Metropolitan Home with issues that speak to fashion and style-conscious readers in an energetic way. She and her husband, Jack, a lawyer, have two children, Caroline and James. On weekends, they retreat to their Connecticut house, where Ms. Novogrod devours contemporary fiction, bikes and works out in their small gym. "I'm not very good at doing nothing," she admits. GRAPHIC: Photo, Nancy Novogrod has moved from book publishing to a major position in the magazine world as the new editor in chief of Conde Nast's HG, Staff photo by Doug Goodman


The New York Times, April 16, 1972, Sunday, Section 15; Page 6, Column 1
ABSTRACT: 12 members of Long Island Univ pol science class, studying prisons and prisoners, spend few hrs in Bklyn House of Detention; Prof Novogrod explains objectives of course are to determine functions of prisons in soc and their relationship to criminal justice system; says he had invited former inmates to address his class but found program unsatisfactory; Assemblyman Gottfried and others involved in penal system have spoken to his students; S Duker, student, gives his reaction to visit to jail.

LEONARD SLOANE, The New York Times, June 18, 1974, Tuesday, Page 65, Column 2.
ABSTRACT: W & J Sloane Inc names C George Scala pres and chief exec officer of NY div. He succeeds Leonard J Novogrod, who will continue as pres and chief exec officer of entire Sloane orgn.


R J NOVOGROD, The New York Times, February 5, 1975, Wednesday, Page 36, Column 3
ABSTRACT: LIU Prof R J Novogrod lr suggests measures to implement cohesive criminal-justice system. Cartoon.


STACY V JONES, The New York Times, April 7, 1979, Saturday, Pg 32, Column 2.
ABSTRACT: RCA engineer Markus Nowogrodzki invents radar apparatus that makes it possible for roughness of roadway to be measured electronically in moving vehicle (S).


L.J. NOVOGROD, HEADED SOOANE'S, The New York Times, June 19, 1980, Thursday, Late City Final Edition, Section D; Page 19, Column 3; Metropolitan Desk
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Leonard J. Novogrod, former president and chief executive officer of W. & J. Sloane Inc., died following surgery Tuesday at University Hospital. He was 74 years old and lived in Manhattan.
Under Mr. Novogrod's leadership, the furniture chain grew from 11 stores to 50 from coast to coast. Mr. Novogrod was the originator of Sloane's furniture clearance center, a means of disposing of its floor samples and customer returns, which grew from one to 24 along the Eastern Seaboard.
He retired in 1974 and became chairman of the board of Werner Meier Enterprises, New York furniture importers. Mr. Novogrod was a graduate of Harvard College and attended Harvard Law School.
Traveled Widely in East
In 1929, he joined B. Altman & Company, rising to general merchandise manager of the home furnishings division. In this capacity he made many trips to China and Japan, opening the Oriental market for the store.
Mr. Novogrod became president of Boggs & Buhl, a Pittsburgh department store in 1948, and in the early 1950's he joined the May Company as a vice president and general manager in charge of its Baltimore operations.
He became president and chief executive officer of W. & J. Sloane, Barker Brothers and Sunniland Stores, all three under the same ownership at the time.
He is survived by his wife, the former Doris Campner; a daughter, Nancy N. Ney, and a son, John C., both of Manhattan; a sister, Jennie Glazer of Boston, and three grandchildren. The funeral services will be private.
GRAPHIC: Illustrations: photo of Leonard Novogrod


R. Joseph Novogrod, Director Criminal Justice Department Long Island University New York City, Crime's Curse, Time, April 13, 1981, Pg. 7
BODY:
To the Editors:
Your article "The Curse of Violent Crime" [March 23] is a blueprint for hard decisions by officials and citizens. Ordinary people have lost faith and patience in the criminal justice process. Victims have moved from fear to hate. Unreconstrued criminals have started to rehabilitate society in their image on release. As for setting up more task forces -- humbug!


Moscow Film Festival: "Patriotic Forces of Chile" Represented, Summary of World Broadcasts, July 10, 1981, Friday, pg: SU/6771/A1/2
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According to Aleksandr Novogrudskiy, in charge of the short film competition, its programme is very varied and the films reflect the motto of the festival, ''For humanism in cinema art, for peace and friendship among nations''. Many film makers have chosen the struggle for peace and against the threat of nuclear catastrophe as their main subject. The films shown on 8th July include the Hungarian documentary ''In the name of peace on the blue planet'', which describes ''the efforts of the Warsaw Treaty countries for peace and security in Europe''. Novogrudskiy noted the attitude of the directors and cameramen from the countries of the socialist community: ''They not only present facts, but seek to make their art an effective weapon in the struggle for the noble ideas of mankind,'' he said.


SAN FRANCISCO, Proprietary to the United Press International 1983, May 19, 1983, Thursday, AM cycle
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The city engineers union threatened Thursday to go to court over its charges that the city is illegally subcontracting municipal work, costing millions in escalated costs for projects.
The union alleges the city has been ''back-door'' subcontracting engineering and other work under the guise of ''personal services.''
''It's really a scandal as to the amount of money involved,'' said David Novogrodsky, business manager of Professional and Technical Engineers, Local 21, AFL-CIO. The union represents the city's engineering staff.
Labor officials met Wednesday with city representatives over the issue.
''I think we have the goods on them,'' Novogrodsky said Thursday. ''If they don't give us a good answer, we will go into court.''
A report issued by union economist Larry Goldbaum said the city can legally subcontract under the 1976 ballot Proposition ''J'' if it can be ''shown that the work can be done at a lower cost by a private contractor.'' The proposition is rarely used, he said.
Goldbaum said the city is avoiding cost scrutiny through illegal ''personal service'' contracts for long-term projects.


HEADLINE: DONORS RESPONDING TO A GROWING NEED FOR BLOOD, The New York Times, April 7, 1985, Sunday, Late City Final Edition, Section 1; Part 2; Page 30, Column 3; Metropolitan Desk
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''It seems like everyone comes in here,'' said Lauree Novogrodsky, the center's head nurse, when asked to describe the background of the donors. ''There's not one specific group.''


Stacy V. Jones, PATENTS; A Remote Heart Rate Monitor, The New York Times, May 4, 1985, Saturday, Late City Final Edition, Section 1; Page 45, Column 1; Financial Desk

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A HEART rate monitor that can be operated without baring the patient's skin was patented this week by two research scientists at RCA Laboratories in Princeton, N.J. The remote microwave tests could be used to check the heart or respiration rates of pilots undergoing training, without disturbing them.
Patent No. 4,513,748 was granted to Markus Nowogrodzki and Daniel D. Mawhinney for what is called a dual-frequency heart rate monitor.
Two radio signals are directed toward the person being examined, one at relatively high frequency and the other at a relatively low rate. The lower-rate signals reflected back to the monitor indicate the heartbeat and can be distinguished from those indicating a breath rate.
RCA has built a version of the heart rate monitor that is being tested by the Army.
GRAPHIC: Photo of Markus Nowogrodzki and Daniel D. Mawhinney


MARAT AKCHURINA, SICK FLOWER AT MIDNIGHT: In the second of our extracts from Red Odyssey, a Tartar writer's journey through the Soviet Disunion, Marat Akchurin tells the story of his old friend, the high-achieving Valera, whose unexpected romance with a young drug addict is both symptom and symbol of a disintegrating society, The Guardian, August 7, 1992, Pg. 30
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"What about our friend Novogrudsky? Did he finally find himself a fiancee?" In the late seventies Boris Novogrudsky had emigrated to Canada with his wife and daughter, but his wife left him soon after and married a wealthier man. In the last three years he had come to the Soviet Union twice in order to get married, but because of the great number of young Soviet women desiring to leave the USSR, he could not make any choice. Having slept with dozens of candidates he arrived at the sad conclusion that their readiness to share his bed was explained by their horror of the impending civil war and desire to escape. But where was the guarantee, he wanted to know, that his choice would not leave him as soon as she got her permanent residency?


CELESTINE BOHLEN, Once-Privileged Writers Now Share Russian Pain, The New York Times, March 22, 1992, Sunday, Late Edition - Final, Section 1; Part 1; Page 8; Column 1; Foreign Desk
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Back in the old days, when the Soviet Government was still propping up an official cultural establishment, Lev Novogrudsky used to spend three months a year in various retreats belonging to the Union of Soviet Writers.
In these places, called Houses of Creativity, in the foothills of the Caucasus, on the Baltic beaches, or along the Crimean coast, he wrote plays for children, far from the annoying realities of Soviet life, living out a writer's dream courtesy of Litfund, the union's literary aid society.
"I spent one third of my life in those places," Mr. Novogrudsky said. "I had my own room. No one bothered me. I didn't have the responsibilities that consume most people -- all in comfortable surroundings, in the company of other writers. It made life beautiful."
Now those days are gone for Mr. Novogrudsky and many others like him. The Union of Soviet Writers, now the Commonwealth of Writers' Unions, is in disarray, Litfund is on the verge of bankruptcy, and the old privileges -- such as three-month-long writing holidays that cost less than one month's pension -- have suddenly become unaffordable luxuries for ordinary writers like Mr. Novogrudsky, who are now struggling to live in the new reality of a market economy.
Prices Have Soared
Stunned by the reversal of his fortunes brought on by Russia's brisk turn toward capitalism, Mr. Novogrudsky has gone into hibernation, as he calls it. While prices have soared with the Russian Government's move toward a market economy in early January, he still lives on a 600-ruble pension, and what he refers to as the pennies from his 20-odd plays now running in provincial theaters.
Honorariums at state publishing houses, which still dominate the market, have remained the same -- 400 rubles for 24 typewritten pages. Private publishers are able to pay more, but many serious writers say they are locked out by the market's enthusiasm for works with commercial appeal like detective stories, science fiction and sex manuals.
For a play, generally the orphan of the literary scene, most authors get about 5,000 rubles if it is produced. That is about $50 at the current bank excahnge rate, or the cost of a cheap ski jacket in Moscow's bustling street markets.
"Times have never been as difficult for writers as they are now," said Mr. Novogrudsky.
State Publishers Failing
His lament is heard across the literary spectrum these days. State publishing houses, shorn of their state subsidies, have had to cut way back on their lists; some are on the verge of bankruptcy. Most private publishers, which prospered during the early post-glasnost boom, are now also in trouble, locked in heavy competition for a shrinking market.
Both Russia's PEN-Center and the literary group April, a liberal offshoot of the Writers' Union, have issued impassioned appeals to President Boris N. Yeltsin, calling on the Government to step in and help save Russian literature and culture from death by free market.
In a statement signed by a galaxy of Russian writers, from Vasily Aksyonov to Andrei Voznesensky, they complained that the high prices brought about by the Russian Government's economic reforms were not only killing literary magazines and publishing houses but also pushing writers into poverty, and Russian culture to the edge of ruin.
The group April called at a meeting last week for continued state subsidies. "The market threatens to become the grave of culture," April said in its statement. "Privatization of culture is above all privatization of the soul."
Bitterness Toward Yeltsin
Some writers and editors feel particularly bitter about what they perceive as the Yeltsin Government's indifference to the fate of Russian culture. "We brought Yeltsin to power," said Aleksandr E. Rekemchuk, president of the two-year-old publishing concern PIC, which has published books by Mr. Yeltsin, Mayor Gavriil K. Popov of Moscow and other politicians now in power. "Now we are going into opposition."
Most of the 10,000 members of the old Writers Union lived relatively well in the old system. Litfund ran the Houses of Creativity, and distributed dachas, or summer homes, as well as apartments in Moscow. There was also a Litfund clinic and kindergarten, both considered top-class, a restaurant that had a good and ample menu at reasonable prices, and trips abroad for a few politically reliable writers. When writers fell on hard times, Litfund was able to advance loans.
Now, Litfund's directors say the fund is practically broke. Private publishers are not contributing, and even state publishing houses have been slow in coming up with their share. Subsidized foreign trips have been canceled, after a furor set off by one taken recently at the union's expense by the poet Yevgeny Yevtushenko, who was one of the few who often traveled abroad during the restrictive Soviet era. Family members now have to pay to visit the union clinic, while the restaurant is filled with foreigners and Moscow's budding entrepreneurs.
"I went the other day, and the coat room was full of fur coats and leather jackets," Mr. Novogrudsky said. "There were a lot of young people in the restaurant, but no writers. And the bill for two, without any drinks, came to 125 rubles." There is a writers' menu for 15 rubles, but it is available only two hours out of the day.
Some Maintain Privileges
With contracts from both foreign publishers and Russia's new hustling newcomers, some Russian writers have managed to maintain old standards, keeping dachas given them by Litfund in prestigious suburbs of Moscow like Peredelkino. Foreigners or foreign organizations have paid for travel abroad by some writers, trips that are far too expensive for the average writer without such contacts. Yet in general, even the Russian elite today is having a hard time maintaining old luxuries, given the exorbitant rate of inflation.
The old writers union is now fumbling for a new life, even as its constituent members fall out among themselves. Moscow, home to about 2,000 union members, now has two warring chapters, while the Russian union is split between liberals and Russophiles.
There are a few hopeful voices. At Text, a private publishing house, Vitaly T. Babenko is too busy working to lament the passing of the trappings of the old regime.
"It is difficult for everyone now, so why should it be any different for writers," he said. "Life is difficult for doctors, teachers and yes, writers. But there is no blow to literature or culture. Real writers are writing, and they don't feel any blows. If we are really moving toward a market, then culture too will benefit. What we have now is a temporary situation."

Two dozen Vermonters arrested, Proprietary to the United Press International 1986, August 5, 1986, Tuesday, BC cycle
BODY:
Twenty-four Vermonters were among 112 protesters arrested Monday demonstrating in the Capitol against President Reagan's plan to aid the Nicaraguan rebels, a spokesman for the protesters said today.
Gene Novogrodsky, a Montpelier resident taking part in the protest, said many protesters spent the night in jail because they had refused to cooperate with police.
The demonstration was designed to persuade the U.S. Senate not to support the proposed $100 million aid plan for the Nicaraguan rebels, who are fighting the Sandinista government.
The demonstrators were cited for unlawful entry after refusing to leave the Capitol rotunda. Police used bullhorns to tell the protesters to leave, according to Novogordsky.
In all, 200 Vermont residents were among the roughly 1,000 who took part in the demonstration, Novogordsky said.
Sen. Patrick Leahy, D-Vt., spoke to the group briefly and said he supported their position.
However, Leahy said earlier in the day at a Vermont news conference that his plans to stall the Contra aid plan through a Senate filibuster have failed. The junior senator said he has been unable to garner the 41 votes he needs for a filibuster.

Weiss, Barbara, Aspirin therapy: more uses emerging for an old standby, Medical Economics Co. Inc. 1987, January 19, 1987, Vol. 131; Pg. 16
Section:
Abraham Novogrodsky, M.D., of Tel Aviv University discussed the role of aspirin and other prostaglandin inhibitors in stimulating lymphocyte activation and the body's production of interleukin-2; such research may lead, he noted, to new therapeutic approaches in organ transplants and the treatment of immune deficiencies and cancer.


RON ALEXANDER, Shades of Diamond Jim Brady! Stag Dinner Lives On (and On), The New York Times, March 15, 1989, Wednesday, Late City Final Edition, Section C; Page 1, Column 4; Living Desk
Section:
John C. Novogrod, a partner in a Manhattan law firm, cut short a trip to Paris. He was also the reason the date had been changed: the original date, Jan. 30, was his wife's birthday. Mr. Novogrod said his wife, Nancy, who is editor in chief of HG magazine, has ''never forgiven me for missing her 30th birthday the night of our first dinner.''


Robert Cooke, Asian Mites Threaten Honeybees, Newsday, January 22, 1988, Friday, CITY EDITION, Pg. 15, Nassau and Suffolk Pg. 4
Cornell entomologist Richard Nowogrodzki added that the Asian mites "have crossed all geographic and political boundaries in Europe except the English channel."


Philip J. Hilts, U.S. Honeybees Face Devastation By Asian Mites, The Washington Post, January 25, 1988, Monday, Final Edition, FIRST SECTION; pg A3; SCIENCE NOTEBOOK
Most of the chemicals the Europeans used, however, are not permitted in the United States. One called Fluvalinate was approved on a temporary basis only three weeks ago, said Richard Nowogrodzki, a Cornell entomologist.
He said it is unclear what impact the mites will have on the nation's honey production. At the least, they will cause a significant loss to beekeepers who must spend money for chemicals to control the mites.


Dan Levy, S.F. supervisor wants to end practice for high-paid city workers 'Comp Time' Limits Proposed, The San Francisco Chronicle, MAY 5, 1994, THURSDAY, FINAL EDITION
David Novogrodsky, business manager for Local 21 of the International Federation of Professional and Technical Engineers, criticized the proposals as ''an attempt to scapegoat city employees.''
''Of course, there should be a centralized policy and accountability,'' Novogrodsky said. ''But I think the worst abuse is that some people don't get paid for overtime.''


LOUISE BROWN, Holocaust is more than just another history lesson, The Toronto Star, April 5, 1994, Tuesday, FINAL EDITION, LIFE; Pg. B1
"The major reason to teach the Holocaust is as a way of looking at human behavior; at obedience and control and vicious racism and how we must be vigilant about the dangers of this in our own lives," says educator Myra Novogrodsky of the Toronto Board of Education's Holocaust Studies committee.
To start, it's important not to simplify the Holocaust as a tale of one evil villain who brainwashed a nation with super-hero magic. Even children can be told this is a complex story with victims and victimizers, bystanders and rescuers; the story of a racist state that made it hard to disagree by using police, the army and special secret spies to hammer any opposition, says Novogrodsky.


Yelena Matsekha. Izvestia, May 18, p. 3. 700 words., Current Digest of the Soviet Press, June 19, 1991, Volume XLIII, No. 20; Pg. 30
The first film account of the bard and writer who left his homeland in 1974 and died four years later was made at the Central Documentary Film Studio in collaboration with the French Parole-Erat Studio by director I. Pasternak and cinematographer V. Ginzburg, from a screenplay by A. Novogrudsky and A. Ivankin. . . . The film was shot in [1988,] when he would have turned 70, but it is not a tribute to that date: The time has finally come to revive and rediscover a whole branch of Russian culture that has been torn away from us, and the representatives of its various generations.


Moscow Film Festival: "Patriotic Forces of Chile" Represented, Summary of World Broadcasts, July 10, 1981, Friday, pg SU/6771/A1/2
According to Aleksandr Novogrudskiy, in charge of the short film competition, its programme is very varied and the films reflect the motto of the festival, ''For humanism in cinema art, for peace and friendship among nations''. Many film makers have chosen the struggle for peace and against the threat of nuclear catastrophe as their main subject. The films shown on 8th July include the Hungarian documentary ''In the name of peace on the blue planet'', which describes ''the efforts of the Warsaw Treaty countries for peace and security in Europe''. Novogrudskiy noted the attitude of the directors and cameramen from the countries of the socialist community: ''They not only present facts, but seek to make their art an effective weapon in the struggle for the noble ideas of mankind,'' he said.

PAGE 90


JACK ANDERSON, Dance in Review, The New York Times, February 3, 1992, Monday, Late Edition - Final, Section C; Page 14; Column 4; Cultural Desk
There were many marvels in "The Science Project," a dance-theater work directed and choreographed by Dorothy Jungels. The performers -- Aaron Jungels, Rachael Jungels, Walter Ferrero and Martin Novogrodski -- poured water from pitchers into tubs. They balanced on seesaws, set pendulums swaying, dropped weights from ladders, slid cups down chutes and let balls roll over their bodies. They did all this to a taped collage that included original music by John Belcher and selections from composers as varied as Beethoven and John Coltrane.


Jonathan Marshall, SF CITY PAY RATED HIGH, The San Francisco Chronicle, JULY 1, 1991, MONDAY, FINAL EDITION, Pg. A13
BODY:
San Francisco city employees earn an average of 14 percent more than comparable city and county workers in the Bay Area and a whopping 43 percent more than federal employees, according to a new study.
In an analysis of salary data from state surveys, the San Francisco Economic Development Corp. concluded that ''San Francisco pays its employees significantly more than is required to be competitive with other public jurisdictions or the private sector.'
' David Novogrodsky, business manager of Local 21 of the Professional and Technical Engineers union, disagreed. ''I don't believe it,'' he said. ''We lack rather badly in benefits, and in terms of wage scales, city employees are about where they are on the outside.''


Stephen Handelman, Emigrants discover paradise elusive, The Toronto Star, June 21, 1991, Friday, FINAL EDITION, Pg. A21
BODY: The news item was so small it would have been easy to miss in reports from the Soviet Union this week. According to the U.S.S.R. Interior Ministry, the number of applications from Soviet citizens wanting to emigrate dropped by 9 per cent (to 138,200) in the first half of 1991, compared to the same period last year. Considering the panic warnings in the West about a "flood of economic refugees" from the chaos-plagued Soviet Union, the figure raises some interesting questions. Are Soviets giving up on their image of a Western paradise waiting for them, now that the iron curtain has lifted? Have they decided to stay home and hope for the best? Two young Moscow filmmakers named Yevgeny Finogin and Andrei Hanson are on their way to Canada this month to find at least part of the answer. "Even when a person is free to leave his country, it won't solve his problems," said Yevgeny, an intense, denim-jacketed former oil worker who took up movie-making as a second career at the age of 39. "There is no such thing as a paradise on Earth." The Canadian "connection" is not just a coincidence. The two men are working on a feature film based on the true story of a Soviet immigrant to Canada. It may not surprise Canadians to know that we have been one of the prime targets of Soviet emigration over the past several years. Huge lines every day at the Canadian embassy in Moscow underline Canada's attraction to people longing for the prosperity of North American life without the high-pressure glitter of Europe and the U.S. One such dreamer was Boris Novogrodsky, a Soviet Jew whose path led him from southern Russia to Canada in the mid-1980s. PAGE 155 Novogrodsky now works as a taxi driver in Calgary. With a Soviet friend, he wrote a film script based on his adventures. Finogin and Hanson were shown the script by a mutual friend and immediately liked the idea. "It had nothing to do with politics, and it's certainly not for or against emigration," said Andrei, 34. "We just felt it was the right time for this to be shown to a Soviet audience." The hero of the film is a young Jewish athlete from Odessa who is sidelined from a promising career after breaking his leg. Bored and frustrated, he applies for permission to go to Israel - the only legal escape route for Soviet Jews for decades. But, like most of those in a similar situation, he ends up in North America, where he quickly finds life is harder than he imagined. He spends years doing unskilled labor, locked inside the closed emigr community, before he finally adjusts to the reality of his adopted land. To prepare for the film, Hansen and Finogin have already spent time with Soviet emigrs in Calgary and Montreal, where they will be doing more than a month of filming this summer. "It was curious to me how few of them really seemed part of their new society," Yevgeny said. "I met one Armenian in Montreal who spent the whole time complaining that he couldn't find any other Armenians to talk to. "I asked him, If you want to meet Armenians, why did you leave in the first place? But he didn't seem to understand." Hansen and Finogin think their film, due to be released here next year, will help clear up some Soviet misperceptions about life overseas. And it may also promote understanding of the emigrants' plight on the part of their hosts. The film will also be released in Canada and Europe. The two men formed their own private film production company in Moscow only a few months ago, and this movie will be their first major venture. They are pouring their own savings into the effort, along with some investment money from a West German businessman. Although their 9 million ruble (about $ 5 million) budget is insignificant by Hollywood standards, the project is risky. Until recently, it was impossible to produce and distribute a movie here without the sponsorship of the state film studios. "It's a little like being an underground filmmaker in the West," said Andrei, who studied as an oceanologist before taking up film production. When I asked them whether they ever thought of emigrating themselves, they laughed. PAGE 156 "If I can change careers and try my hand at whatever I want to do, why do I need to go someplace else?" says Yevgeny. "Besides, I like it here now." For these two Soviet entrepreneurs - and perhaps thousands of others like them - home is now where the action is.


Five air force officers killed in plane crash in southern Israel, Summary of World Broadcasts, December 15, 1990, Saturday, Part 4 The Middle East, Africa and Latin America; A. THE MIDDLE EAST, pg: ME/0948/A/ 1
BODY: Here is a brief communique just released by the Israeli army spokesman Five Israeli army [as heard] officers were killed last night in a plane crash in southern Israel. Our military affairs correspondent Amir Fink is in the studio with the details released for publication A light plane of the air force crashed last night while on a transportation mission in southern Israel. All the passengers, four male and one female air force officers, were killed in the accident. They are Maj Daniyel Novogrodsky, aged 27, married, from Moshav Kefar Ahim; Maj Ofer Zaharoni, aged 28 from Moshav Ram On; Capt Ziv Groch, aged 25 from Kibbutz Gelil Yam; Capt. Gidon Zakay, aged 26 from Omer; and Capt Shlomit Yair, aged 21 from Ra'anana. Maj-Gen Avihu Bin-Nun, the Air Force Commander, has appointed an investigating committee to look into the circumstances of the accident.


BEN LYNFIELD, PANEL TAKING TIME ON HAR NOF PROJECT, Jerusalem, Planning, Business, The Jerusalem Post, December 15, 1989, Friday
The Israel Lands Authority "erred" in selling the small plot to Perl along with a larger section that was in fact slated for public use, said Haim Novogrodsky, an attorney who is one of the organizers of the fight against the plan. Novogrodsky's wife, Haya, also an attorney, said the day-care centre and other public facilities stand little chance of being built at alternative sites in Har Nof because of a severe land shortage. Perl, however, said the Novogrodskys' stance amounts to a request that he pay the price for a possible mistake by the municipality and lands authority. "Even though I feel sympathy for the people of Har Nof, their public facilities should not have to be built at my expense," he said. "I bought that land and it is now worth $4 million. They cannot ask me to give it up." Perl and the Novogrodskys said they would take the issue to court if the local planning committee decides in favour of the other party.


DONALD EVAN CRABB, AN ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY OF RECENT BOOKS, Byte, September, 1985 (Fall) Special IBM Issue, Pg. 11
Novogrodsky, Seth, Frederic E. Davis, and the editors of PC World. The Complete IBM Personal Computer: The Authoritative Guide to Hardware for Expanding the IBM PC, XT, AT and Compatibles. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1985. $16.95. 281 pages.
Novogrodsky et al. have provided a very readable introduction to the hardware of the PC and how to add to it. The book covers the PC, XT, AT, and compatibles. It is part of a helpful set of books on the PC published by Simon & Schuster and PC World Books and provides all sorts of useful discussions of replacement keyboards and monitors, multifunction boards, voice-recognition devices, plotters and printers, modems, bubble memories, optical and mechanical mice, joysticks and trackballs, coprocessors, local-area networking hardware and software, and, most important, how to hook all of this stuff up to the PC.
This is a very useful reference book to have around, whether you're a new PC user or an old hand. The writing style is clear and aimed at the nontechnical user (although technical details are provided). The authors have also included an appendix that lists the names and addresses of the hardware manufacturers discussed in the book. I'd like to see four-color pictures replace the "black-on-blue" halftones used to illustrate hardware examples, but that's a minor complaint.


BOOKS OF NOTE, Computerworld, May 13, 1985, Pg. 39
Section:
THE COMPLETE IBM PERSONAL COMPUTER, a guide to hardware for expanding the Personal Computer, Personal Computer XT, AT and compatibles, by Seth Novogrodsky, Frederic Davis and the editors of PC World magazine. Paperback, 281 pages, $16.95, ISBN 0-671-49278-0. Simon & Schuster, Inc., Rockefeller Center, 1230 Ave. of the Americas, New York, N.Y. 10020.


Rick Weiss, THE BIG STING; Killer Bees Cross The Border, But Are They Really A Threat ? The Washington Post, October 30, 1990, Tuesday, Final Edition, pg Z12
The problem, explains entomologist Robert E. Page of the University of California at Davis, is that population dynamics over continental expanses cannot be deduced from a few spotty studies at random locations. The Nature papers were "significant," Page says, but he calls the authors' interpretation "overstated." For example, he says, in some parts of Central America and Mexico, African bees may have had very little contact with European bees, but significant contact and hybridization may be occurring in other areas. Moreover, bees with differing genetic backgrounds may show varying survival rates in particular environments. "There's no reason to think that what's going on with African bees should be uniform throughout their range," says entomologist Richard Nowogrodzki in Ithaca, N.Y.


Law: Law Society winter final examination results, The Independent, April 6, 1990, Friday, pg 17.
N: Nadaraja MB; Nanayakkara TP; Naughton LE; Nauta HC; Navaratne AN; Newman LL; Newton RK; Newton TL; Nicholson K; Nicholson SJ; Nicklinson AK; Nickson LE; Nightingale CP; Nightingale DS; Noel D; Norman IA; Nowogrodzki AS; Nuttal JE.


NATL-HONEY-BOARD-2; Study shows bee pollination more important for agriculture than previously thought Business Wire, February 22, 1989, Wednesday
The report's authors -- Morse; Cornell apiculturist Richard Nowogrodzki; and Casper, Wyo., consultant Willard Robinson -- noted that the study was conservative in that it did not include the importance of honeybee pollination to wildlife habitat, to helping control soil erosion and to increasing yields in home gardens.


STUDY SHOWS BEE POLLINATION MORE IMPORTANT, PR Newswire, February 22, 1989, Wednesday, Feb. 22
The report's authors (Morse, Cornell apiculturist Richard Nowogrodzki and Casper, Wyo., consultant Willard Robinson) noted that the study was conservative in that it did not include the importance of honeybee pollination to wildlife habitat, to helping control soil erosion and to increasing yields in home gardens. Also, to keep the stated claims of pollination benefits uncontroversial, the indirect benefit of pollinated legumes (such as alfalfa hay and clovers) to meat and dairy production was not part of the study.


Marie Bianco, The bee and the blossom make it a sweeter world, Newsday, May 4, 1988, Wednesday, ALL EDITIONS, Pg. 1
The transformation of nectar into honey takes several days, according to Richard Nowogrodzki, an entomologist specializing in honey bees at the Cornell University office of apiculture. After the nectar is transformed from sucrose to fructose and glucose and some of the water evaporates, the liquid is transferred to the honeycomb, where it is capped with beeswax. It remains there until it is eaten by the bees or harvested by the beekeeper.


Scientists say mites threatening bees, crops, February 4, 1988, Thursday, BC cycle
BODY: Cornell University scientists say a parasitic mite from Asia that is new to this country could wipe out the nation's honey bees and jeopardize the pollination of crops valued at some $20 billion annually. Several million honey bee colonies and the pollination of agricultural crops are at risk, said Roger Morse, chairman of the Department of Entomolgy in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences at Cornell. ''We can be sure that within a year, and certainly within two years, they will overrun all honey bee colonies in the country,'' Morse said Wednesday. The nation's roughly 3.5 million bee colonies, operated by some 200,000 hobbyists and 1,600 commercial beekeepers, produce about $130 million worth of honey per year, Morse said in a statement. Honey bees also account for about 80 percent of all pollination activities in the country, pollinating more than 100 agricultural crops valued at about $20 billion, said Scott Camazine, a research associate at Cornell. He said the crops include fruits, vegetables, forage plants and oilseed crops. ''It's a significant problem,'' said Richard Nowogrodzki, also a research associate. ''It is not an incurable problem, but it is certainly going to have an impact on all of United States' bee keeping, and therefore on much of United States' agriculture.'' The mite, whose scientific name is Varroa jacobsoni, is the size of a pin head, has eight legs, a hairy shell, and a two-pronged tongue for feeding on the blood of its victims. The mite enters bee hives, usually while attached to a bee, attaches itself to bee larvae, pupae, or male drone or female worker bees. Once infested with the mites, bees weaken and die prematurely, said Camazine. ''If left unchecked, the mites can destroy a whole colony in no time,'' Morse said. The parasite is expected to spread rapidly because honey bees often ''drift'' to new colonies or raid weaker ones, and honey bee colonies are frequently PAGE 130 Proprietary to the United Press International, February 4, 1988 moved around the country to pollinate agricultural crops, said Morse. The mite was discovered in Indonesia in 1904, but did not begin spreading in western Europe until the early 1980s. For a few years before chemical treatments became available, honey production in Europe dropped by as much as 50 percent and pollination of agricultural crops suffered extensively, resulting in a substantial drop in crop production, Morse said. ''They were only discovered (in this country) within the last four or five months,'' said Nowogrodzki. ''This whole condition with these mites has come upon us very, very quickly.'' It is not known how or when the mite got into the United States, but it was discovered in this country for the first time in Wisconsin in late September. The mite has since been discovered in New York, Pennsylvania, Maine, Florida, Ohio, Michigan, Illinois, South Dakota, Mississippi and Nebraska. Methods of fighting the mites include newly developed chemicals. A chemical named fluvalinate has recently been cleared by the federal Environmental Protection Agency for general use, Morse said. ''There's no question that short-term, and perhaps even permanently, chemical controls will be needed,'' said Nowogrodzki. He said that mites, however, develop genetic resistance to chemicals, so the chemicals must continually be adjusted to remain effective. ''We are working on other fronts, also. We are working to develop bees that are more resistant to these mites,'' said Nowogrodzki.


JOSHUA BRILLIANT, FIVE KILLED, 10 HURT IN IDF TRAINING ACCIDENT, The Jerusalem Post, July 18, 1990, Wednesday
HIGHLIGHT:
Five IDF reservists were killed yesterday morning and 10 soldiers, including a woman officer, were injured, when an artillery shell was fired in error at the hill where they were participating in a military exercise.
Yoav Novogrodski, 22, of Rehovot, said he had been the APC's lookout and sustained a light hand injury. He was taken to Hadassah, where he was treated by his brother Benny, who is a staff physician there.


Inside R&D, October 2, 1985, Volume 14, Number 40; Pg. 1
BODY:
By now you've probably heard all about patent received by RCA Corp. for electronic remote sensor that measures human heartbeat and respiratory rate. But unlike many corporate giants who are tight-lipped when it comes to revealing future plans, company told us it's willing to grant non-exclusive licenses on wireless device. US Pat 4,513,748 explains non-invasive instrument in detail. Called dual frequency microwave heart rate monitor, it uses radar to detect and measure vital signs. Device is about the size of a small transistor radio, can operate up to 8 ft away from human body. In addition to checking heartbeat and respiration, it also detects muscle movement. Hospitals can use it to monitor infants in nurseries. There are no apparent industrial applications. Basically, instrument emits microwaves that reflect back to monitor, and data are recorded. Details Marcus Nowogrodzki or Daniel Mawhinney, RCA Laboratories, Princeton, NJ 08540; telephone 609-734-2521.


PAGE 147 Stacy V. Jones, PATENTS; A Remote Heart Rate Monitor, The New York Times, May 4, 1985, Saturday, Late City Final Edition, Section 1; Page 45, Column 1; Financial Desk
BODY:
A HEART rate monitor that can be operated without baring the patient's skin was patented this week by two research scientists at RCA Laboratories in Princeton, N.J. The remote microwave tests could be used to check the heart or respiration rates of pilots undergoing training, without disturbing them. Patent No. 4,513,748 was granted to Markus Nowogrodzki and Daniel D. Mawhinney for what is called a dual-frequency heart rate monitor. Two radio signals are directed toward the person being examined, one at relatively high frequency and the other at a relatively low rate. The lower-rate signals reflected back to the monitor indicate the heartbeat and can be distinguished from those indicating a breath rate. RCA has built a version of the heart rate monitor that is being tested by the Army. GRAPHIC: Photo of Markus Nowogrodzki and Daniel D. Mawhinney


STACY V JONES, The New York Times, April 7, 1979, Saturday,Page 32, Column 2
ABSTRACT: RCA engineer Markus Nowogrodzki invents radar apparatus that makes it possible for roughness of roadway to be measured electronically in moving vehicle (S).


LENGTH: 253 words VEKSLER IGOR, DOCUMENTARY FILM MADE ABOUT RUSSIAN JAZZ ARTIST EDDI ROZNER, The Russian Information Agency ITAR-TASS, May 16, 1995, Tuesday
A DOCUMENTARY FILM ABOUT FAMOUS RUSSIAN JAZZ ARTIST EDDI ROZNER HAS BEEN MADE BY FILM MAKERS OF THE STUDIO "RISK" OF THE RUSSIAN CINEMA COMMITTEE /"ROSKOMKINO"/. THE PREMIER OF THE FILM IS TO BE HELD IN THE CENTRAL HOUSE OF CINEMA ARTISTS TODAY TO WHICH FRIENDS AND COLLEAGUES OF THE RENOWNED BAND-MASTER, COMPOSERS, TRUMPET- PLAYERS AND ADMIRERS OF HIS OUTSTANDING TALENT HAVE BEEN INVITED.
SCRIPT WRITER ALEXANDER NOVOGRUDSKI AND PRODUCER TATYANA SKABARD, THE AUTHORS OF THE FILM, NARRATE SOME OF THE MOST IMPORTANT FEATURES AND TURNING POINTS OF THE MUSICIAN'S FATE, WHOSE YOUTH WAS SPENT IN GERMANY. AFTER THE FASCISTS CAME TO POWER, HE WAS FORCED TO LEAVE THE COUNTRY AND SETTLE DOWN IN THE SOVIET UNION. EDDI ROZNER ORGANIZED A JAZZ BAND HERE WHICH QUICKLY GAINED POPULARITY AMONG THE PUBLIC.
IN THE 50'S HE WAS P UT IN THE NOTORIUS LYBUYABKA JAIL, AND WASFATED TO SPEND SEVERAL YEARS IN STALIN'S LABOUR CAMPS. AFTER RETURNING FROM HIS PENAL SERVITUDE NUMEROUS RECORDINGS OF HIS TRIUMPHAL PERFORMANCES BEGAN TO BE SOLD ALL OVER THE COUNTRY.
AMONG OTHERS IN HIS BAND WERE VLADIMIR TARLETSKI, NINA DORDA AND KAPITOLINA LAZARENKO. BUT IN THE 60'S THE POLITICIANS ONCE AGAIN BEGAN MEDDLING IN THE ARTIST'S LIFE, SINCE AN ECHO OF THE WESTERN JAZZ HAD BECOME UNBEARABLE TO THE AUTHORITIES. EDDI ROZNER IMMIGRATED TO WES T GERMANY, WHERE HIS TRAGIC LIFE CAME TO AN END.
MATERIALS FROM ARCHIVES, MEMOIRS OF ROZNER'S FELLOW ARTISTS AND HIS DAUGHTER IRINA HAVE BEEN USED IN THE FILM.


ADAMS, GERALD D., City landmarks expert transferred; Preservationists fear that job shift of board's aide will loosen controls over developers, The San Francisco Examiner, December 12, 1996
The secretary to San Francisco's Landmarks Preservation Advisory Board, described by one commissioner as "an encyclopedia of preservation knowledge," has been reassigned by Mayor Brown's newly appointed planning director.
Several preservationists said the reassignment of Vincent Marsh could signal hard times for The City's historic architecture. The board's secretary is responsible both for carrying out Planning Department policies favoring development and reminding officials of laws that can ban demolition of historic buildings. Some observers said Marsh was seen as leaning toward preservationists.
David Novogrodsky, executive director of Local 21 of the Professional and Technical Engineers, said Marsh has "a national reputation in the preservation community, who has often had clashes with developers."
He ascribed Marsh's firing to "a tension between preservationists and developers, but that's something they're supposed to work out."
"Totally political'
One leading preservationist charged Wednesday that the firing was "totally political" and had been ordered by Brown, who has been closely linked in the past with development interests, both as a lawmaker and an attorney. The preservationists, fearful of angering planning commissioners or the planning director, spoke on condition of anonymity.
"That's crazy . . . ridiculous," Kandace Bender, Brown's press secretary, said of the accusation.
New Planning Director Gerald Green said, "I have not been told by anybody to get rid of Vincent. This is not a punishment. I am trying to reassign him to do work that is very important", a project he described as an updating of The City master plan's preservation clauses.
Marsh had served as secretary to the landmarks board for eight years. Green told him in a memo last week that he would be reassigned.
Marsh's new assignment, also within the Planning Department, will be "evaluated" after four months, according to the memo. Marsh declined to comment on the matter. According to several Planning Department employees, Marsh was the intended target of a published threat by development attorney Alice Barkley. In a political gossip column published in the Chronicle on Sept. 27, Barkley was quoted as telling an unidentified planner that, unless she received a favorable environmental ruling for a client's project, "You may have a staff that is dead by tomorrow." "A lot of politics' in land use Without denying the comment, Barkley ridiculed the published account, saying, "A lot of politics is involved in land use and sometimes it has very little to do with merit."
Denise LaPointe, a landmarks board commissioner, viewed Marsh's loss with sadness. "He's an encyclopedia of preservation knowledge," she said.
"At least he'll now be in a more academic setting, free of political maneuvering and the heat that accompanies these development issues," LaPointe said.
Green added that the change was also being made for Marsh's health. "He has been in a stressful situation for the past year."
Marsh's replacement is expected to be another Planning Department employee, Mark Paez, who once worked on preservation matters for the Berkeley Planning Department.


NOVOGROD. IRENE (BECK) NOVOGROD, THE HARTFORD COURANT, Pg. B6, December 9, 1996 Monday,
NOVOGROD. Irene (Beck) Novogrod, widow of William Novogrod, died Friday (Dec. 6, 1996) at Hartford Hospital. Formerly of Long Branch, NJ, she moved in with daughter, Louise Tellan a year and a half ago. She is survived by her two daughters, Anita and her husband, Don Heitler of Denver, CO, Louise and her husband, Marsh Tellan of West Hartford and seven granddaughters, Jennifer Tellan, Anne Tellan and Amy Tellan, Leslie Heitler, Beth Heitler, Mindy Heitler and Rebecca Lubin. She was predeceased by her son, Alan Novogrod. Services will be today in New Jersey. The family will observe a memorial period from Tuesday-Friday at the home of her daughter, Louise. Memorial donations may be made to the Connecticut Veterinary Center, Oakwood Avenue, West Hartford.


The Providence Journal-Bulletin, SOUTH COUNTY EDITION, Pg. 5C, November 22, 1996, Friday,
South County Digest
... Dale, this Friday night at 7. Storytellers will include Valerie Tutson, Jeanne Donato, Mike McKenney, Marvin Novogrodski, Paul Recker and Dave Stephenson. Admission is $ 5 for adults, $ 3 for students, with proceeds to benefit the Jonnycake Storytelling ...


GRAY, CHANNING, Strutting their stuff Artists showcase lets parents, PTOs sample a wealth of local talent, The Providence Journal-Bulletin, October 27, 1996, Sunday
It may not be The Greatest Show on Earth. But when it comes to the local arts scene, it's the next best thing - jugglers, singers, storytellers, dancers and more spread over three floors, with ringmaster Donald Babbitt running about to make sure things stay on track.
Each year Babbitt, a retired math and theater teacher, assembles as many local performers as he can under one roof so people who might want to hire them can sample their talents. The fourth such artists' showcase took place this month at the Jewish Community Center on Elmgrove Avenue, and it was about as close to a three-ring circus for the arts as you can get.
By mid-morning, the JCC's foyer was crawling with members of parent-teacher groups ogling brochures and press clippings spread on card tables. Behind each display was a performer eager to make a pitch.
"It teaches kids about the scientific process," Marvin Novogrodsky - a.k.a. Marvelous Marvin - was telling Mindy Sherwin of the Henry Barnard School Parent Association. Novogrodsky makes the rounds of area schools with a show that uses a rap-like text to accompany a mix of magic tricks and science experiments.
A few feet away in the auditorium, people gathered to watch dancer Heather Ahern glide about a cedar chest in which she placed the "dreams and hopes" of her future. Downstairs, pre-schoolers sat wide-eyed as Joan Bailey slapped a wooden toy dancer against her knee and told about a boy named Lazy Jack in a lilting Irish brogue.
Robert Hofmann sat at another table, clad in a frock coat and flanked by brass candlesticks and quill pen poking from a ceramic inkpot. The Trinity Rep Conservatory alumnus travels about entertaining youngsters as the irascible composer Ludwig van Beethoven.
"We are so inundated with brochures," said Sherwin, referring to parents' groups. "Every one looks good on paper. But this gives us a chance to actually see what they're like."
Most spectactors - and the vast majority appeared to represent parent-teacher groups looking to book an act or two for their child's school - agreed the showcase was a valuable event.
"It's nice to know what's out there," said May Woodring, who is involved in a Bristol parents group and is also a Girl Scout leader.
For performers - many of whom just squeak by as it is - the showcase can mean work. Deirdre Morris of Fusionworks said the Lincoln-based dance company got a "few mini-concerts" from last year's showcase and a possible month-long residency.
But parents also get a chance to compare notes with those who have booked a particular act in the past.
"You get to find out what a performer was actually like in school," said Lynn Verraster from the parents' group at Cranston's Hope Highlands School. "Did the kids like it, but the teachers hate it? Was it okay for second-graders and fifth-graders?"
Chaos reigned
But getting a handle on all the offerings can be difficult. And at times chaos reigned.
Upstairs in the JCC's gym, a group waited in vain for Kaleidoscope Theater, which turned out to be a no-show. Downstairs, singer Ann Shapiro was expecting to entertain a group of pre-schoolers drafted from the JCC daycare program so parents could judge their reaction. A group who looked old enough to drive, maybe even vote, showed up.
"You plan this thing for months . . ." said a stressed-out Babbitt, his voice trailing off.
Babbitt, who taught in the Cranston school system for three decades, said the number of groups was off this year; he feared that word had not gotten out. He said he sends announcements to schools but wonders if they get into the right hands.
But for those who did show up, it was often hard to digest all that is going on. One Warwick woman, who would not give her name, wondered why organizers couldn't send out the schedule of events beforehand so participants could zero in the acts that appear most appropriate. She said it took forever to get her bearings, and she found it difficult running from floor to floor to sample performances.
Another woman wondered if a weekend would be a better time, instead of the weekday that had been selected this year. Then teachers, who had to be in class, and working parents could check out the talent on hand.
Tough choices
In general, though, those who attended seemed to be looking for the impossible - acts that were entertaining, but somehow plugged into the cirriculum, ones that appealed to all grades but didn't cost a lot. Acts go for anywhere from a couple of hundred dollars to upwards of $ 1,000 for dance and theater troupes, limiting schools in many cases to one or two events a year. Cranston's Hope Highlands parent-teacher organization, one of the better-off in the area, has a budget this year of around $ 20,000, of which $ 4,000 is set aside for cultural programs and activities, said Donna Nardolillo, the group's president. Nardolillo estimated the group spent on average about $ 400 to $ 500 per event last year, money that is raised from a candy sale and book fair. Who would the schools be hiring this year? Would it be Hofmann, the Beethoven impersonator; Shapiro, the traveling troubadour from Clinton, Conn.; or Marvelous Marvin?
Novogrodsky had about 15 minutes to strut his stuff in front of a group of kids who had been imported from a nearby school, along with a dozen parents. "Hey, everyone, welcome to the show," Novogrodsky began chanting as rock pulsed from a boom box. "There are a few things I want you to know."
Before long he had a young volunteer pulling yards of colored paper from his mouth, and colored liquid bubbling out of a glass container.
"Too much magic," said one observer after the demonstration. But Sheila Foley, another Hope Higlands parent, gave it a thumbs-up:
"I thought it was educational and fun."


King, John, The San Francisco Chronicle, Pg. A13, JULY 29, 1996, MONDAY, Vote Is Today On Proposed Labor Rules, S.F. supervisors expected to put plan on ballot
As the battle lines form for today's showdown over rules governing San Francisco city workers, it's a lopsided contest.
Despite protests from business leaders, the proposed charter amendment has the stamp of organized labor and Mayor Willie Brown -- two potent forces in local politics. The result? Supervisors may not like how the plan evolved, but they'll probably vote to put it on the ballot.
''I think it should go to the voters,'' said Tom Ammiano, one of the few supervisors willing to be quoted on the topic. ''I do wish there had been a little more time and a little more inclusiveness, though. Those things would have subverted the anxiety attacks we've seen.''
At issue is a proposal crafted by attorneys for Brown and labor that would allow the unions to increase their retirement benefits through contract negotiations. At present, changes in retirement benefits need voter approval. Brown, in return, would strengthen his hand as mayor.
Roughly 120 upper-level managers now protected by the charter would become ''at-will'' employees within two years, serving at the pleasure of the mayor or department commissions. And hundreds of middle-management slots would gradually become at-will unless specific jobs were protected by supervisors or the proposed Civil Service and Employee Relations Commission.
The proposal has been in flux since early July, when it was sent to the board at Brown's behest. Today's hearing is at 3 p.m. and will be followed by a vote on whether to place the charter amendment on the ballot or put it on hold until next year.
No language can be added to the proposal today. There can be deletions as long as they are not substantial.
To make the package more palatable, there have been a number of recent changes. Labor agreed to back off on language that would have ended the city's ban on strikes. A cap has been added to the amount of extra retirement benefits a union could win. Brown gains power at a slower pace.
Even so, business resistance to the proposal has hardened as it became clear that the juggernaut was not likely to stop. The two main concerns involve cost -- there are fears the retirement change could send the city budget soaring -- and the way labor and Brown put the proposal together in isolation.
As a result, the proposal is opposed by the Chamber of Commerce and by the Committee on Jobs, an alliance of large employers.
''It's moving too fast, and it's too complex. I don't feel anyone has a firm grasp on all the implications,'' said Carol Piasante, a spokeswoman for the chamber. ''There should be a delay.''
Few people expect one, though. The board has shown little inclination so far to defy Brown -- and in an election year where labor provides more foot soldiers than any other interest group, the charter amendment is likely to get the benefit of the doubt.
But the story this fall could change, say critics who predict the proposal faces a rocky reception.
''I find it difficult to believe voters would give up their ability to control costs of government -- and in return for what? There's no balance,'' said Jack Davis, one of the city's most experienced campaign managers. Not so, say union leaders.
''The control the voters have is by electing a mayor and board of supervisors,'' said David Novogrodsky, executive director of the Professional and Technical Engineers, Local 21, which represents 2,400 city workers.
''This is a very modest measure,'' Novogrodsky said. ''It cracks the door open to provide a wider scope of bargaining.''


CANDIDACY UNHINGED BY PETITION'S PAPER CLIP, The Record, Pg. A04, May 22, 1996; WEDNESDAY
WOODRIDGE, N.Y. A mayoral candidate saw his campaign become unhinged because he lacked a staple on his petitions.
David Paige was tossed off the ballot in this Sullivan County village because his campaign petition was bound with a paper clip and not a staple or some other device specified in New York State's often-criticized election laws.
"I wouldn't mind if my petition was being challenged on the validity of the signatures, but because it's not bounded? Come on,"Paige told the Times Herald-Record of Middletown.
Paige is fighting the decision by Sullivan County Elections Commissioners Timothy Hill and Jerome Bullock.
Paige's four-page petition was initially challenged by Beatrice Novogrodsky, the sister of his Republican opponent, Nat Kagan.


Canada NewsWire, March 6, 1996, Wednesday, Attention News/Assignment Editors: THE FRAN ENDICOTT EQUITY CENTRE - OFFICIAL OPENING, TORONTO, March 6
The Fran Endicott
Equity Centre
Official Opening
Date: Thursday, March 7, 1996
Time; 5:00 p.m. - 7:30 p.m.
Location: Ursula Franklin Academy
90 Croatia Street
In celebration of International Women's Day, the Toronto Board of Education is officially opening The Fran Endicott Equity Centre. The Centre will be a training and meeting space as well as a library and resource centre for teachers, students, support staff and parents. Born in Jamaica, Fran Endicott, was a Toronto Board of Education Trustee who had a lifelong commitment to justice issues. She served on the Race Relations, Status of Women and Labour Education Committees. After she left the Board, Fran was appointed Chief Commissioner with the Ontario Human Rights Commission. She served only three months of her term before her death at the age of 48 in 1992.
Fran Endicott was also a painter who would have loved the images of equity produced by students that now hang in the murals, quilt and posters at the Fran Endicott Equity Centre.
For further information: Myra Novogrodsky, Women's Studies and Labour Studies (416) 397-3795; Jeff Sprang, Public Information Office (416) 397-3227


LIPPMAN. RALPH LIPPMAN, THE HARTFORD COURANT, Pg. B08, March 6, 1996 Wednesday
LIPPMAN. Ralph Lippman, 82, died Monday (March 4, 1996) at the Hebrew Home and Hospital. Born in New York City, he lived on the Lower East Side all of his life. He was manager of the Cooperative Village for over 30 years. He devoted his life to many civic activities and was very active in the United Jewish Appeal. He was a co-founder of Memorah Record Company, which created and produced records for the American Jewish child. He leaves his wife, Sylvia Stanger Lippman; four sons, Dr. Jay Lippman and his wife, Susan of New York City, Dr. Leonard Lippman and his wife, Arlene of West Hartford, Judge Jonathan Lippman and his wife, Amy of Rye Brook, NY, and David Lippman and his wife, Linda of Bayside, CA. He is also survived by a step-son, Keith Stanger and his wife, Marilyn of Michigan. He was predeceased by his first wife of 44 years, Evelyn Mildworn Lippman, and a step-daughter, Vanessa Stanger Lynn. He leaves seven loving grandchildren, Andrew, Eric, Joshua, Russell, Lindsay, Sam, and Max; a brother, Morris of California; and two sisters, Sarah Novogrodsky and Adena Rubin. He was predeceased by three sisters. Funeral services and burial will be in New York. Memorial contributions may be made to the Juvenile Diabetes Foundation, 18 N. Main St., West Hartford 06107, or to the Medical Director's Fund of the Hebrew Home and Hospital, 1 Abrahms Blvd., West Hartford 06117. Shiva will be at the home of Leonard and Arlene Lippman on Monday and Tuesday evenings, March 11 and 12.


SOFTWARE NEWS: IS THIS PDM A SMARTER SOLUTION?, Computer Aided Design Report, No. 11, Vol. 16; ISSN: 0276-749X, November 1, 1996
For more than a decade, we've groused about what's wrong with product data management software. It costs too much to buy and set up. It communicates poorly with engineering application programs. It's hard for ordinary folks to use
An Israeli company called Smart Solutions has taken such criticism to heart, developing a less costly PDM that's easier to customize, communicates well with CAD applications, and sports a Windows user interface that folks who use personal computers will find comfortable. The catch, for those managing a mixed environment of PCs, Unix systems, and mainframes, is that Smart Solutions's - SmarTeam- PDM works only in networks of Windows 95 and Windows NT computers. However, even users of big and costly PDMs should see this system if only to get an idea about how your own PDM system should be improved.
The ability of SmarTeam to exchange data with CAD programs is outstanding. Title block data entered into a PDM dialog box can be automatically reflected on title blocks of drawings. Or that information can be stored in the Summary Information appended to a solid model, finite element model, or other object that is not in a document form. Even more amazing is the SmartView option, which lets workers look at up to 140 different document, image, and drawing formats. Selecting a block in a view of an AutoCAD drawing will display non-graphical attributes of the block. Changes made to a SolidWorks model are instantly reflected in the view of the model.
The SmarTeam PDM may be invoked from within a SolidWorks, AutoCAD, or Microstation session. For instance, the command Smart Save appears right on the File menu of a Windows CAD program. If a SmarTeam record already exists for the part, it will be brought up and modified. If not, SmarTeam will ask the designer to create a new record.
A few Unix CAD programs have achieved this level of integration with certain CAD applications. IBM's Product Manager and CATIA CAD software come to mind. But few, if any, PDMs communicate so well with so many programs. What makes this possible are Microsoft's standards for interprogram communication: object linking and embedding (OLE) and dynamic data exchange (DDE). Similar conventions exist in the Unix world, but because each flavor of Unix handles them a bit differently, it's very costly for CAD and PDM vendors to support them all.
Customization
The other area in which SmarTeam breaks new ground is in giving users new tools for customizing their PDM. All PDM systems must be customized because each company uses unique schemes for numbering, classifying, and releasing engineering data. SmarTeam gives administrators graphical tools for creating forms and data structures for each type of model or document controlled by the system. The setup tools resemble the wizards employed by the Microsoft Office suite of business programs. The wizards present the administrator with a series of fill-in-the-blank and multiple-choice options for describing the information associated with each type of data. Forms can be designed by dragging and dropping graphic elements, such as the fields for entering data and text for describing each field.
For describing procedures, SmarTeam gives the administrator the Visual Basic language, which requires no compiling or linking. Menus may be configured in different languages by selecting the desired language from a list.
Because there is so little coding required, changes to forms or procedures can be made quickly and are less likely to contain errors. That said, managers must pay attention to the design of the screens workers use to assure they are comprehensible. For instance, the appearance of forms can be simplified by grouping like types of information behind different tabs. There can be a tab for part numbers and names, another for effectivity dates, and a third for required approvals, if such a scheme makes sense to the workers. But if information is grouped haphazardly (as it is in some of the SmarTeam demonstrations), then workers will be confused by the system.
Product Packaging
Right now, the SmarTeam line includes two products priced as follows:
- SmarTeam - $1,100 the basic product on which all others depend, provides basic vaulting, revision control, and searching by attributes capabilities.
- SmartView - $600 an option to SmarTeam that permits viewing of CAD data formats, including AutoCAD, Microstation, SolidWorks, and HPGL. (It cannot yet display the standard three-D data formats IGES, STEP, VRML, or STL.)
Later this month, Smart Solutions will announce a less expensive product called SmartWorks, which is intended for use with the SolidWorks software. This product will not provide viewers for other data formats, although it can be upgraded to the full SmarTeam version for an additional charge. SmartWorks is expected to cost around $600. Future additions to the product line will include:
SmartFlow - $1,000 an option for work flow management.
SmarTeam Pro - a version of SmarTeam for product configuration management.
SmartWeb - a Web client to allow access to the SmarTeam databases through Netscape or Microsoft Internet Explorer browsers.
All versions of SmarTeam come with run-time licenses for two small-scale database management systems: Microsoft's Access and Interbase. For larger installations, SmarTeam can run atop Oracle, Sybase, or Microsoft's SQL Server.
Who Are These Guys?
Israel-based Smart Solutions was founded in 1995 by Avinoam Nowogrodsky and a team of PDM veterans from other companies. Unlike other vendors of Windows-based PDM software, Smart Solutions has a rich parent. It is majority owned by - CLAL Computers and Technology, Ltd.- , a diversified Israeli corporation with annual sales of $3 billion. This financial backing has allowed Smart Solutions to launch its products worldwide in a relatively short time. If the software is as good as it looks, it could become the AutoCAD of PDM.
At this writing, Smart Solutions has no working installations in the U.S. The company gave us names of two sites, one in Israel and one in the Netherlands. Neither responded to our e-mail inquiries. We wouldn't buy any PDM without checking references and suggest you get some before purchasing this software.
Even if Smart Solutions's software is flawless, it's not clear to us that the basic fabric of network computing is strong enough to support very large PDM systems. When servers and networks go down, so does the PDM. Changes to PC configurations can disrupt fragile links between the PDM and applications. The best policy is to distribute data in multiple servers for small work groups until you find out how reliable the whole system will be.
That said, we think that PDM is a necessary element in any CAD installation. SDRC and Parametric Technology are already bundling basic PDM capabilities with their most popular I-DEAS and Pro/Engineer packages. Users of more than a handful of Windows-based CAD workstations should consider a Windows-based PDM to keep design data organized and accessible. SmarTeam is worth considering along with - Bionic Knight- 's - DEED- (described in the December 1995 and March 1996 CAD Reports) and - ASI Echelon- (described in the June 1996 issue). SolidWorks users will also want to have a look at - MatrixWorks- , a $795 version of the Matrix PDM (described in the June 1994 CAD Report) that has been adapted to SolidWorks.
SmarTeam is sold through independent dealers. Contact: - Smart Solutions, Ltd., 11 Gush Etzion Street, Givat Shmuel 51905, Israel- . Telephone: - (972) 3-351-2030- FAX: - (972) 3-351-2230- e-mail: - info@smartsol.co.il- .


SolidWorks signs 15 new Solution Partners; total number of Solution Partners now 55, Business Wire, July 15, 1996, Monday, CONCORD, Mass.
July 15, 1996--SolidWorks Corp., developer of SolidWorks 96, the newly enhanced version of SolidWorks 95, the first production solid modeling mechanical design system for Windows, Monday announced that it has signed 15 new Solution Partners.
These organizations were among more than 32 Solution Partners who recently converged in Boston to attend the annual SolidWorks International Reseller Conference.
The SolidWorks Solution Partner Program is a certification program for products and services which complement SolidWorks' core design capabilities.
These 'best-in-class' applications include: numerically controlled machining, mold analysis and simulation, finite element analysis, sheet metal design, data management and complementary hardware offerings, including high performance graphics accelerators and high performance computing platforms.
''We are excited with the momentum of our Solution Partner Program. Since introducing the program less than seven months ago, SolidWorks has established relationships with over 55 vendors committed to bringing integrated, best-in-class applications to the desktop.
''Following our success at the NDES show, a short 3 months ago, the enlistment of 15 new Solution Partners underscores the impact SolidWorks is having in the marketplace and demonstrates the pace at which applications are being developed for SolidWorks customers,'' commented John McEleney, director of business development for SolidWorks.
McEleney continued, ''These alliances, following on the release of SolidWorks 96, provide the most powerful price/performance production solid modeling offering on the market today.''
Among the new vendors joining the Solution Partner Program is DP Technology Corp. of Camarillo, Calif. DP Technology's manufacturing software, ESPRIT/X, is a CAD CAM system that is specialized in the programming of machine tools and CNC (computerized numerical control) machine tools.
The ESPRIT/X software is used in various machining technologies such as milling, turning, wire EDM, and sheet metal applications. With the ability to read SolidWorks data into the ESPRIT/X program, users can now directly receive the model created in SolidWorks 96, and then create the toolpath required to machine the model.
Paul Ricard, vice president of DP Technology, commented ''We see SolidWorks as the new paradigm in the industry. The company is offering a new concept of designing that is based on a very strong solid modeler, and runs on a defacto standard platform such as Windows 95 or NT, at a truly reasonable price.
''Our partnership with SolidWorks opens up a great deal of possibilities for us. With the DP Technology-SolidWorks partnership, we are able to offer ESPRIT/X users the competitive advantage of a product that streamlines the entire manufacturing process of machining models. We believe this is a dynamite combination.''
Among the other new vendors joining the Solution Partner Program is Smart Solutions Ltd. Smart Solutions is an Israel-based company specializing in the design, development and manufacture of technical document management (TDM) software which can be used 'out of the box'.
Smart Solutions uses intelligent templates to directly introduce TDM capabilities into the SolidWorks environment. The combination of SolidWorks and Smart Solutions enables a quick start for engineers and designers engaged in integrated product development.
Avinoam Nowogrodski, managing director of Smart Solutions, commented, ''We share SolidWorks' vision for a Windows-based product development environment.
''In partnering with SolidWorks, we are working to offer mechanical designers a technologically advanced solution that provides the additional cost-effectiveness of integrated 'TDM out of the box'. We are pleased to be partnering with them and certainly look forward to an exciting future with the SolidWorks team.''
New SolidWorks Solution Partners:
Cimlinc Merry Mechanization DP Technology Corp. Moldflow International DTM Lord Technical Solutions ELSA Licom Systems EMT Software Smart Solutions Ltd. Enterprise Software (FEMAP) Teksoft Graphics System House (NC) United Computer Products Intergraph Computer Systems
For up to date information on SolidWorks' partners and its products, see the partner portion of the SolidWorks home page at http://www.solidworks.com.
About SolidWorks
SolidWorks, based in Concord, is a privately held corporation that develops and markets mechanical design software products for Windows. Founded in 1993 with the mission to bring production solid modeling to the desktop of every engineer, SolidWorks delivered the first version of SolidWorks in November 1995.
Since November 1995, SolidWorks has won seven industry awards, including NASA Tech Briefs' 'Product of the Year', the 'Industrial Contribution Award' at Manufacturing Week and 'Best New Product' of the National Design Engineering Show, March 1996. SolidWorks has offices in five major cities in the United States and distributes its products worldwide in more than 20 countries.
SolidWorks is backed by a prestigious group of venture capital firms, including Atlas Venture; Burr, Egan Deleage; North Bridge Venture Partners; and Kubota Corp. This group of venture capital firms has backed other highly successful companies including Powersoft Corp.; Watermark Software; and Business Objects, S.A. -0-
NOTE TO EDITORS: SolidWorks is a trademark of SolidWorks Corp. Other brand and product names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners. Copyright (c) 1996 SolidWorks Corp.
CONTACT: SolidWorks Corp.
Sabine Gossart, 508/371-5111
info@solidworks.com
http://www.solidworks.com
or
Harpell/Martins Public Relations
Rick McKenna, 508/371-1510
rmckenna@harpell.com


EDIBLE CONSTRUCTION, Sun-Sentinel (Fort Lauderdale), Pg. 1, March 8, 1996, Friday
GRAPHIC: PHOTOS 2, Photos/DAVID POLER; (color) Chapel Trail Elementary students, from left, Erica Foti, 9, Jimmy Kaphusman, 9 and Alan Nowogrodzki, 10, watch as their teacher, Rita Alcure, tests a pasta bridge with some heavy reading. The bridge, built by Nowogrodzki and Aramys Espinosa, 10, held up better than any in the fourth-grade academic enrichment class, At left, stack of books collapse as Alcure tries to place them on a bridge made of 20 layers of pasta and plenty of glue built by fifth grader Thomas Leonard. The project was designed to teach students about bridges and the teamwork needed to build them.


Studt, Tim, Revealing the beauty of small worlds, R & D, February, 1992, Vol. 34 ; No. 2 ; Pg. 84; ISSN: 0746-9179
Photomicrograph of elastic fiber (far right) won first prize in Nikon's 17th Annual Small World Competition. Entries were judged on informational content, originality, visual impact, and technical proficiency. Any 35-mm photograph shot through a microscope qualified, and computer enhancement was actually encouraged. For information, call 516/547-4200.
1 Red and blue filters helped win first prize for Marc Van Hove, an engineer at Centexbel (Belgian Textile Research Institute), Gent, Belgium, for his photo of an elastic fiber bundles used in sportswear.
2 This triple exposure of rat brain cells won second prize for Nancy Kedersha, a researcher at Immunogen Inc., Cambridge, MA. She used a complex technique to stain melanoma (green) and astrocytoma (red) cells, and DNA (blue). The photograph was taken with a fluorescence microscope at 200X.
3 R.B. Feldman, a researcher at Moog Inc., East Aurora, NY, won third prize for this 200X photo of diffusion-welded gallium-4vanadium-titanium using a thin copper bonding aid.
4 A 16X photo of a fractured bone in osteoporosis won fourth place for Michael J. Klein, a medical doctor at Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York.
5 Microtubules (green) and chromosomes (blue) are revealed in this winning photograph of a newt undergoing mitosis by Susan Nowogrodzki, East Greenbush, NY.


Dear Uncle Ezra,
This may seem silly, but, how long is the average life span of a bumble bee? I keep finding dead ones in my home, so they obviously live near by, but, why do they die upon entering my house. Could the air in my house be lethal to bumble bees or something?
Apian Demographer Dear AD,
Silly? Heavens, no. You're talking life and death here! I knew right where to go with this one, to Entomology Department Resource Support Specialist Richard Nowogrodski, a man who -- while others freak out over a bee buzzing and bumping through a room -- will wait until it lands, lift it gently by its wings, and transport it outdoors.
Richard says that bees, well-evolved to live outdoors, have no idea how to survive inside, where their attempts to escape drive them to exhaustion and starvation. As soon as a bee realizes it's trapped indoors, it flies towards any entering sunlight (or at night, a lightbulb). Even if you placed food such as honey nearby, the bee would ignore it due to the overwhelming need (more...) to return to nature. Fortunately, you can easily solve this problem: When you see a bee imprisoned in a room, determine the sunniest window, open it, and the bee will soon fly out to freedom. Or, for those not quite patient enough to wait for the bee to see the light and not quite courageous enough to grab it by the wings, here's a tip:
Wait until the bee lands. Then take something long and flat (like a yardstick), put it gently near the bee, and you'll find the bee will crawl onto it. The bee will usually stay on the stick while you walk with it to an open door or window. Then shake it loose.
This, of course, does not address the problem of how bees get into your house in the first place. If a bee has flown in between your walls (perhaps to nest there), a crack leading inside may have seemed the brightest pathway, presumably leading (in the bee's consciousness) back outside. Richard assures me that the phenomena of bees entering your house and dying there does not indicate anything lethal about your air.
As for a bumble bee's natural life span, queen bees live for about a year. The rest of them, which are the majority of bees we're likely to see, live 20-60 days.
Uncle Ezra


The remainder of the news articles will be added as time permits

Last Updated April 17, 1998

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